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Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions


CHSU (Common Health and Safety Unit)

CHSUs are companies that have been set up with an aim to provide occupational health and safety services for workplaces, that have been authorised by the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, and that possess the necessary personnel and equipment.

Who works at CHSUs??

Workplace doctor, occupational safety specialist and auxiliary health staff work at CHSUs.

What are the duties of CHSUs?

Common Health and Safety Unit is mainly responsible for:
• monitoring workers’ health,
• surveillance of the working environment,
• training, consulting and advise,
• first aid and emergency response,
• recording and statistics
and for performing, inspecting and executing several other similar duties.

Who can work as an Occupational Safety Specialist ?

• Labour inspectors of the Ministry of Labour and Social Security and inspectors of Social Security Institution,
• Graduates of faculties that provide engineering or architecture education,
• Technical instructors,
• Physicists, chemists or biologists,
• Graduates of occupational health and safety programs of vocational schools of higher education and universities.

How to Become an Occupational Safety Specialist ?

Those who attend education programs organised by Educational Institutions authorised by the General Directorate of Occupational Health and Safety of the Ministry of Labour and Social Security and successfully pass the tests organised by the General Directorate are awarded Occupational Safety Specialist Certificates.

What are the Roles and Responsibilities of Occupational Health Specialist ?

a. perform a preliminary assessment,
b. prepare or revise Workplace Risk Analysis Reports ,
c. prepare emergency plans,
d. consultancy regarding fire combat and first aid ,
e. provide information on preparation of the Document on Protection against Explosion at the Workplace,
f. set up an Occupational Health and Safety Committee and follow up the same,
g. set up Occupational Health and Safety System Documentation Structure ,
h. provide Occupational Health and Safety Trainings ,
i. periodical follow-on inspections and reporting ,
j. perform documentation checks through sampling method for sub-employers,
k. determine Safety and Health signs that must be used at the workplace ,
l. set up standards for Personal Protective Equipment that must be used at the workplace,
m. prepare the Health Standard specifying the health inspections and tests to be conducted based on the positions of the personnel working at the workplace ,
n. set up a Monitoring and Measurement Plan for the tests and measurements to be conducted at the workplace and its follow up,
o. inform the company of legislation changes, and integrating such changes to the workplace
p. participate in the inspections to be conducted by Labour Inspectors of the Ministry of Labour and Social Security,
q. prepare accident-investigation reports and/or check the reports so prepared and provide technical support in determining remedial actions after an accident,
r. prepare Booklets specifying the general rules on Occupational Health and Safety for distribution to employees at the time of employment,

What are the Roles and Responsibilities of the Workplace Doctor?

A- Guidance and Consulting
1. participate in occupational health and safety committee, and give advice regarding health monitoring of workers, and surveillance of work environment and to follow up implementation of the decisions taken,
2. check maintenance and cleaning of canteen, food cafeteria, dormitories, child care facilities and lactation and locker rooms, showers and toilets, and make recommendations,
3. make recommendations regarding occupational health, hygiene, collective protection methods and personal protective equipment,
4. make recommendations regarding activities required at the workplace in order to improve occupational health and safety,
5. conduct periodical inspections at the workplace within the scope of occupational health and safety and participate in risk assessment studies,
6. carry out health inspections at the workplace as required by the legislation in order that risks harmful for health present at the workplace can be assessed and prevented,
7. determine whether there is a relation between health-related absence from work and health hazards that may be present at the workplace, if needed, to cause measurements to be made, and assess the results from the viewpoint of workers’ health,
8. ensure harmony between the worker and the work in terms of ergonomic and psychosocial risks at the time of performance of the work by considering physical and mental capacities of workers and conduct research in order that the workers can be protected against stress factors in the working environment.
B- Health Monitoring
1. organise health examinations for the workers at the onset of employment and periodically thereafter pursuant to occupational health and safety legislation, and prepare the reports in line with the sample provided in the applicable legislation, and keep the same at the workplace,
2. in cases where a worker has been absent from work due to health problems, and whose return to work is found problematic as a result of return-to-work examination results, to suggest that the worker should be assigned to a position suitable for his heath condition,
3. ensuring that those workers who are in sensitive risk groups, who have been diagnosed with or are suspected to suffer an occupational disease, who suffer from chronic diseases, who have a drug addiction, who have had more than one work accident are employed at appropriate positions,
4. perform studies aimed at preventing spread, and immunization for controlling contagious diseases, and ensure that carrier tests are carried out,
5. depending on monitoring results, in cooperation with the occupational safety specialist, if any, suggest that the required measurements be made within the scope of surveillance of the working environment, and evaluate measurement results,
6. inform the workers on health monitoring, take their consents, inform the workers sufficiently and appropriately regarding health risks and health inspections performed,
7. perform the necessary laboratory tests, radiological examinations and carrier tests, ensure control of contagious diseases, perform immunisation works, continuously monitor and inspect general hygiene conditions of the workplace and appurtenances,
8. prepare an annual work plan in cooperation with the occupational safety specialist, if any, record the health monitoring studies conducted at the workplace, and prepare an annual assessment report based on the sample provided in the applicable legislation and send the same to the Ministry electronically.
C- Training and Information
1- organise first aid and emergency response services at the workplace and conduct works aimed at training the personnel in line with the applicable legislation,
2- cooperate with the related parties in order to provide information and training on work health, hygiene and ergonomy,
3- provide general health training to executives, and occupational health and safety committee members of the workplace and ensure continuity of such trainings,
4- give training at the workplace regarding damages caused by use of substances that cause addiction.
D- Cooperation with Relevant Units
1- participate in researches to be made in the field of occupational health and safety, 2- work in cooperation with the relevant units of the workplace aimed at rehabilitation of workers who have had occupational accidents or suffer from occupational disease, and work in cooperation with authorised hospitals for diagnosing the occupational disease,
3- join works aimed at developing programs for improving work practices and analysis of occupational accidents and occupational diseases,
4- join works for developing programs aimed at improving current practices such as evaluation and testing of new health technologies and equipment,
5- prepare an annual work plan and annual assessment report in cooperation with the occupational safety specialist, if any,
6- cooperate with the relevant parties in order to provide information and training to executives, members of the occupational health and safety committee, if any, and workers, on general health, occupational health and safety, hygiene, personal protective equipment and collective protection methods.